Cyber Security: Types Cyberattacks to Know
Technological advancements have had a huge positive impact on the business world. Today, almost every organization or business has an IT system to boost performance. However, having an IT system means that you will deal with cyberattack threats from time to time. According to studies done, cyberattacks are estimated to lead to a loss of 33 billion records by 2023. If you want to avoid being a victim of data loss, you should employ effective cyber attack prevention measures in your organization. Understanding the different types of cyberattacks is one way of cyber attack prevention. Once you learn about the cyberattacks and prevention measures, the chances of them happening to your organization will be minimal. Keep reading this article to learn more about cyberattacks and effective cyber attack prevention measures.
Phishing is the first type of cyberattack that you should be aware of. In phishing, hackers focus on stealing sensitive data such as credit card numbers, login credentials, and bank account numbers from organizations. For the hackers to gain access to this data, they pose as a trusted individual or organization. As a trusted individual or organization, the hacker will send you an email, text message, or link to enter your information. You are likely to receive the message or email when expecting to send the data to someone; hence you will not think twice before sending it to the hacker. Verifying the person asking for the information before sending if you want to avoid this form of cyberattack in your organization.
Man-in-the-middle (MitM) is a common form of cyberattack where someone eavesdrops on you or puts themselves in a two-person transaction or conversation. For instance, when messaging someone, a hacker can join the conversation by joining your Wi-Fi or visiting your device using an open network. Also, you should be aware of malware as a form of cyberattack. A malware is considered software that can hurt your computers such as a virus or ransomware. Usually, malware enters into devices when the users click on popups. If you unknowingly click download on the popups, you could be inviting a virus in your device. The solution to this form of cyberattack is ignoring suspicious popups that might show your laptop screen.
Also, you should be aware of a password attack. The solution to a password attack is meeting the requirement set by the organization when creating a password. Creating a strong password requires one to include different characters, capitalization, numbers, and special characters. Also, you should learn about denial of service as a form of cyberattack. It is common to visit a website and fail to get what you need because of huge traffic. When a hacker notices such as a website, he or she will execute a denial of service attack by overloading the servers and creating new content.
The last cyberattack to learn about is Botnet. Botnet is a complex form of a cyberattack that happens when automated users or devices join together to collectively accomplish an attack. An effective cyber attack prevention technique for Botnet is establishing a strong security wall.